The human musculoskeletal is a complex system which is strong but can damage due to external force, disease or inherited deformity. The anterior cruciate ligament is a band of thick and strong tissue that attach the thighbone to the shinbone. Sports like basketball, downhill skiing, soccer, and football may bring about such injuries as they involve abrupt direction changes, sudden stops, jumping or landing over hard surfaces. You can turn to an ACL injury doctor in Lahore for consultation who provides treatment depending on how severe an injury is.
Symptoms that indicate ACL injury are:
- Pop sound or sensation at the instance of injury.
- Swelling around the knee.
- Knee will feel unstable.
- Putting weight over the knee becomes painful.
- The range of joint motion is lost.
Immediately seek medical assistance from an ACL or knee injury doctor in Lahore as the knee joint works with the assistance of associated ligaments and tendons. A little Injury to soft tissue can put stress over the knee joint inducing pain, so proper diagnosis to treat it right is necessary.
What causes ACL injury?
ACL keep intact the stability of the knee joint. It may get damaged due to activities that stress out the knee joint like during sports or workouts. Some major reasons are:
- Sudden stop while running or changing direction abruptly.
- Landing uncomfortably over a hard or rough surface.
- hard contact to the knee or direct hit like in football
On a visit to an ACL injury doctor in Lahore, the patient is examined physically. The doctor will look for visible signs like bruises, swelling, tenderness, and range of knee joint and compare the injured knee with the unhurt knee. He will move the joint to assess the abnormal function of the knee. For evaluation of internal matter imaging tests like X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound are recommended which elaborate on the severity of the injury.
Treatment provided by an ACL injury doctor in Lahore
A treatment plan is designed over the severity of the injury, mild injuries can be cured through rest and physical therapy whereas severe issues need surgical repair. First aid is provided by a doctor to relieve pain and reduce swelling right after an ACL injury. Minor damage is treated through the RICE method which the knee injury doctor in Lahore suggests practice at home. If we evaluate RICE it is rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Rest is advised under which the patient abstained from conceiving activities that put stress over the knee. Icing is recommended to reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain. An elastic bandage is suggested to wrap over the knee for compression so the swelling doesn’t proceed and the joint is limited from movement. The knee is elevated with pillows beneath to keep away swelling and pain.
Rehabilitation exercises help reduce pain and swelling, improve blood circulation, and strengthen muscles. It also improves the range of motion of the knee joint making it more stable. The ACL injury doctor in Lahore will recommend a good physical therapist who trains and educate the patients on practicing useful exercises for knee joint at home.
Surgery is recommended for chronic conditions or for the sportsman who needs to return to sports as soon as possible. The anterior cruciate ligament is reconstructed through the grafting method where a graft tendon is extracted from the other healthy part of the body and attached in place of the damaged ACL. This graft acts as a platform for ligament reconstruction. A rehabilitation program is also conducted after surgery to regain lost strength and motion of the joint. Care is needed throughout the recovery period to avoid the uprising of certain complications like the development of joint disease such as osteoarthritis.
Doctors not just treat but also tell preventive measures to avoid any mishap in future. It is important to keep on doing useful muscle strengthening exercises in the routine. Your consultant will suggest taking the guidance of the most competent physical therapist. They could instruct and guide you on the ways to lower the risks of further injury. Things we should keep in mind to prevent ACL injuries are:
- Exercise to strengthen hips, lower abdomen and pelvis and avoid bending knee inward while performing squats.
- Focus on exercises that strengthen the hamstring specifically, this helps to improve overall leg balance.
- Take care of the position of the knee while landing on a hard surface while jumping. This requires proper training and practicing techniques to avoid such postures.
- Wearing a knee brace, kneepads and using properly fitted footwear also helps to reduce the risk of ACL injuries.
For athletes, such training programs are of great significance, especially for those who have hurt their ACL recently.
ACL injuries could be crucial or deteriorate if not treated on time. Seeking immediate medical treatment is suggested by experts to avoid further issues as it may affect the overall health of the knee joint. Get your damaged ligament examined by an ACL injury doctor in Lahore for the most appropriate and effective cure.